In Cameron Huddleston’s newest article for GoBankingRate.com, Charles C. Scott outlined why women are behind in contributing to an emergency fund.
Most Americans Lack Savings to Pay for These Huge Emergencies
What would happen if you were hit with a financial emergency — a job loss, major medical expense or even a car repair? Would you have enough cash on hand to get through that emergency?
If you’re like most Americans, you probably would have a hard time paying for an unexpected expense. A 2017 GOBankingRates survey found that more than half of adults have less than $1,000 in savings. However, GOBankingRates wanted to find out whether Americans have enough money today to cover future emergencies. So, we surveyed more than 2,000 adults across the U.S. to find out what sort of savings they have to take care of the unexpected.
Majority of Americans Are Unprepared for Life’s Curveballs
GOBankingRates asked survey respondents whether they have enough saved to cover car repairs, medical emergencies and six months’ worth of living expenses if they lost a job. The findings weren’t encouraging: More than half of Americans still don’t have enough saved to cover common financial emergencies.
- 55 percent of Americans can’t cover six months’ worth of living expenses if they lost their job.
- 54 percent of Americans don’t have enough saved to cover medical emergencies.
- 42 percent of Americans can’t cover emergency car repairs.
When it comes to savings to cover expenses in the event of a job loss, 38 percent of respondents have less than $1,000. More than a quarter (27 percent) of respondents actually have $10,000 or more saved. But even that might not be enough to survive a job loss for six months.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, annual household spending in the U.S. is $57,311. Based on that amount, the average emergency fund should be $28,656 — enough to cover six months of expenses.
Americans have even less set aside for car repairs and medical expenses. Nearly 23 percent of respondents have less than $100 saved for car repairs, and more than half have less than $1,000 saved.
However, it’s more troubling that 25 percent of Americans have less than $100 in savings for medical expenses, and nearly half have less than $1,000 saved. Medical expenses are among the emergencies that can bankrupt you if you’re not prepared.
Why Aren’t Americans Saving More for Emergencies?
There could be plenty of reasons why Americans aren’t saving more money for emergencies. A GOBankingRates survey found that the most common obstacle to saving is a high cost of living, followed by low salaries.
High debt balances also are playing a big role in Americans’ inability to save.
“A steadily improving economy coupled with high levels of consumer confidence might lead some to believe that consumers are more financially stable than they have been in years, but we have seen other influencing factors that paint a different picture,” said Bruce McClary, vice president of communications for the National Foundation for Credit Counseling. “Credit card debt levels have passed the $1 trillion mark, while more people are carrying larger balances from month to month, making it more difficult for many consumers to focus on growing personal savings.”
Millennials Are the Most Financially Unprepared Generation
The survey findings are even more discouraging when it comes to the savings habits of young adults. Millennials had the highest percentage of respondents who don’t have enough saved to cover emergencies.
- 65 percent of younger millennials ages 18 to 24 can’t cover six months’ worth of living expenses, followed by 60 percent of older millennials ages 25 to 34.
- 62 percent of younger millennials don’t have enough saved to cover medical expenses, followed by 59 percent of older millennials.
- 54 percent of younger of younger millennials can’t cover emergency car repairs, followed by 44 percent of older millennials.
Young millennials have the highest percentage of respondents with less than $100 saved to cover living expenses after a job loss, car repairs and medical expenses — 26 percent, 33 percent and 30 percent, respectively. They also have the smallest percentage of respondents with $10,000 or more saved for those three emergencies, followed by older millennials.
It’s not too surprising that millennials have less saved than other generations. They haven’t had as much time as older generations to build their savings.
Low wages also might play a role. Another GOBankingRates survey found that young millennials are more likely than other generations to say that a low salary was their biggest obstacle to saving. Older millennials, on the other hand, are the most likely to say that debt is the biggest obstacle to saving money.
Seniors Are the Most Prepared for Financial Emergencies
It’s not too surprising that adults 65 and older are more likely than other generations to have enough saved to cover emergencies — considering they’ve had more time to build their savings:
- 61 percent of seniors say they have enough saved to cover six months’ worth of living expenses.
- 59 percent of seniors have enough saved to cover medical emergencies.
- 69 percent of seniors can cover car repairs.
This age group also has the highest percentage of respondents with $10,000 or more saved. Nearly 38 percent have that much saved to cover living expenses in case of a job loss, 20 percent have $10,000 or more saved for car repairs, and 30 percent have that much for medical emergencies.
Seniors might be more likely to have an emergency fund because they are less saddled with debt than younger generations. Adults 65 and older have less total debt than every generation except young millennials, GOBankingRates’ 2017 Household Debt survey found.
Women Are Less Prepared Than Men to Cover Emergencies
The survey shows that women are much less likely than men to have an emergency fund.
About 61 percent of women versus 46 percent of men don’t have enough saved to cover six months’ worth of living expenses in the event of a job loss. Nearly 60 percent of women don’t have enough to cover medical emergencies, compared with 45 percent of men. And 47 percent of women don’t have enough saved for car repairs versus 34 percent of men.
Furthermore, 23 percent of women have less than $100 saved for living expenses in case of a job loss, while just 13 percent of men have that little. However, 23 percent of women have $10,000 or more saved. But there’s still a higher percentage of men with that much set aside — 34 percent.
These findings are in line with another GOBankingRates survey that found that women are less prepared then men for another recession — in part because of a lack of savings.
There could be a variety of reasons why women are less likely to have money saved for emergencies, McClary said. “Among those reasons could be time away from the workplace for maternity leave or other family-related matters, which could interrupt the regular habit of savings deposits that would have been fueled by a steady income,” he said.
However, it’s particularly important for women to build an emergency savings fund, said Charles Scott, president of Pelleton Capital Management in Scottsdale, Ariz.
“They earn less, they work fewer years, they live longer and their healthcare costs are more,” he said. “When you add that up, it compounds the issue of prioritizing the emergency fund.”
How Much Should You Save for Emergencies?
The GOBankingRates survey shows that more than half of Americans likely wouldn’t have enough cash to cover common emergencies. As a result, they might rack up debt, have to drain retirement savings or ask friends and family to help pay for unexpected expenses.
McClary recommends that your emergency fund size should be equal to at least three to six months of your net income. “That makes it easier to manage everything from unexpected emergency medical expenses to job loss,” he said.
If, for example, you earned the median household income of $59,039, your emergency fund amount should be about $15,000 to $30,000 in savings to replace three to six months of income. That’s no small chunk of change, but you can build it up gradually. You’d have to set aside $625 a month for two years to have $15,000 — or $416 a month over three years.
But it might not take that long or require such a large deposit each month if you stash any windfalls you get. For example, the average tax refund is nearly $3,000, according to the IRS. Putting that much in an emergency would help create a good financial cushion.
If you can only afford to stash, say, $25 or $50 a month in an emergency fund, that’s better than nothing. Just make it a habit by setting up automatic transfers from a checking account to a savings account. And make sure you don’t raid your account for other expenses.
“Make a list of what you think are emergencies, and then stick to it,” Scott said. “Don’t get confused about whether it’s a new carburetor for the car versus a super-cool giant HDTV at Costco. Know the difference and refer to your list if you aren’t sure.”